Faverolles

"Oiseau," a Salmon Faverolles cock
Photo courtesy of Debbie Johnson

The Fabulous Faverolles

by Peter F. Merlin

This article is written with this small preface: The information that lays within is taken from many writings that go back as far as the mid 1800's. I have researched these birds for quite a few years now, but claim no more expertise than the next Faverolles Fancier. It is kind of like the old adage "here, let me tell you about my grandchildren."


The Faverolles are a French breed, therefore of the Continental classification. Bred in the 1850s of composite blood from the Houdon, Brahma, Crêve-Cour, Dorking and common fowl of the area. Some references have been made to the CouCoo and Cochin being used in addition.

The Faverolles were used as a utility breed known for their excellent table qualities and superior egg laying during winter months. The French have a dish for which the Faverolles was used exclusively. It is called "Petite Poussin" or "Small Breast." Today they are regarded as a show fowl and are rare in the United States. They are said to be the Peacock of the poultry world for their contrasting color between the sexes and the brilliance of color in the male birds. They make excellent back yard fowl and have a genteel personality.

The overall shape of the bird should be trapezoidal and the feathering rather fluffy. Wide backs and chests are a necessity. Deep in keel with carriage well centered. Revered in the females are feathers that go backwards in the side of the hackle. The beard and muff should be extreme with little to no wattle at all. Fullness of beard is desired over length, with the beard covering the ear lobe. Face , comb, and earlobe should be red. Eye color red bay. The comb is single, and medium in size with five points and no serrations. This breed has five separate toes and skin and leg color are white. Light feathering should appear on the outside of the leg and outer toes. There is a slight break between the feathers of the body and leg. The leg feathering of the Cochin is not what is desired. Type should always be given preference over color, not only in the show pen, but in the breeding pen as well.

When considering weight on the Faverolles it is of the utmost importance to remember that the bird was originally known for its table qualities. Density and mass of the bird are what should be looked at. They are not tall birds, like Rocks, but at the same time they are not short and close to the ground. The breadth of the chest and legs is where the mass comes in. Ideal weights are suggested in the American Poultry Association Standard for our American birds. Cocks: 8 lbs. Hens: 6 1/2 lbs. Cockerels: 7 lbs. Pullets: 5 1/2 lbs. The Standards of other countries call for more or less within a pound. But, it is stated in several writings from the early 1900's that bigger usually means a cost in the quality and type of the bird.

In the Salmon variety, the hen is a completely different color from the male. This is the only breed that has this color. The male is black in beard, breast, and underneath with straw colored hackle, back, and saddle. Rich golden on the bow of the wing with a white triangle at the tip. Tail primaries beetle green and leg feather black. Underfluff should be slate gray. The hen has a color range from pink salmon to copper salmon on the hackle, back, and wing. Creamy white from the beard to the vent with no splashing of top color and an overall slate gray underfluff.

Other varieties of the Faverolles are limited to white in the United States. All of the aforementioned type descriptions would apply to this breed regardless of variety. In Europe other colors do exist and Blacks and Buff are being worked on in this country. They come in Large Fowl and Bantam form. If you have ever wanted a beautiful bird, with wonderful personality and challenge in the breeding pen, try some. They are well worth the effort and time.


Breed clubs:

Faverolles Fanciers of America
c/o Leisha Comer
14499 Kettlersville Rd
Wapakoneta, OH 45895
e-mail: ltcomer2003@yahoo.com

The British Faverolles Society
Nikki Williams, Secretary
e-mail: nicolawilliams991@hotmail.com

Houdan-Faverolles Club de France


Faverolles Links:

Peter Merlin's Faverolles page

Brushy Run Faverolles

An article on the history of the Faverolles by Craig Russell, president of the SPPA

Salmon Faverolles at Catalpa Grove Farm

See the Favs at Rose's Poultry

Favs at Devonshire Traditional Breed Centre

Poor Ridge Ranch

Faverolles at the UK site P*L

There are Faverolles at Endless Farms

Beanwood Poultry

The Country Chicken

Bantam Faverolles at Rare Feathers Farm


Salmon Faverolles hen
Photo courtesy of the British Faverolles Society

The head of a Salmon Faverolles rooster

The head of a Salmon Faverolles pullet
Photo courtesy of Brice Wonders

Peter Merlin's Salmon Faverolles bantam pullet
Photo courtesy of Peter Merlin

This hen was Champion Continental at the Little Rhody show in 2000
Photo courtesy of Dick Boulanger

A Blue Salmon Faverolles bantam rooster
Photo courtesy of Gina Hall

This is Pam Marshall's hen at the Springfield, MA, show in 2002
Photo courtesy of Pam Marshall

A White Faverolles cockerel
Photo courtesy of Fitch Farm & Gardens

A Black Faverolles bantam cock bird
Photo courtesy of Peter Merlin

A Cuckoo Faverolles hen
Photo courtesy of Rupert Stephenson

A Blue Bantam hen, on the left, and a Blue Salmon bantam rooster

Mary & Scott Wagner's White Faverolles male

Mary & Scott Wagner's White Faverolles female

A Columbian Faverolles cockerel from Sweden
Photo courtesy of Daniel Sörensen

A nice Faverolles male from the UK
Photo courtesy of Michael Barlow

A Splash Faverolles bantam cockerel

A pair of Mahogony Faverolles
Photos courtesy of Nicole B.

Owen's Cuckoo Faverolles cock "Airport"
Photo courtesy of Owen Goodfellow

"Simon" (a.k.a. "Hoppy"), Barry Koffler's Salmon Faverolles cock bird

Salmon Faverolles pullets
Photos courtesy of Henry Cammack

Another Salmon Faverolles cockerel
Photo courtesy of Kyle Yacobucci

A Salmon Faverolles rooster in France
Photo courtesy of Stuart Sutton - french-hens@hotmail.com

Still another Salmon Faverolles cockerel
Photo courtesy of Brice Wonders

Another nice Salmon Faverolles male, this one from the UK
Photo courtesy of Owen Goodfellow

A pair of bantam Salmon Faverolles at Bloomsburg, PA, May 1997

A black and white shot of a Salmon Faverolles hen
Photo courtesy of Andy Vardy, 1995 Melbourne National

Salmon Faverolles from Belgium
Photos courtesy of wamc@wanadoo.be

A flock of Salmon Faverolles bantams
Photo courtesy of Brice Wonders


Salmon Faverolles chicks
Photo courtesy of Mckinney & Govero Poultry

Salmon Faverolles chicks
Photo courtesy of Valerie Ackley

Four-day-old Salmon Faverolles chicks
Photo courtesy of Sylvia Peatman

A pair of 2 week old Salmon Faverolles chicks: a comparison of the different colors on the wings of the two genders (black on the cockerel, above, and salmon brown on the pullet), which allows for simple gender determination at such a young age.
Photos courtesy of Kris Kraeuter, Brushyrun Heritage Poultry

Day 16, female on left
Photos courtesy of Adam J. Griff

Day 21, females on left
Photo courtesy of Adam J. Griff


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