a.k.a. Cemani, Kedu, Hsian, Langya

A nice Black Kedu rooster
Photo © Thomas Naegele

Copyrighted Text and Photos by Thomas A. Naegele, DO, 2004.

Printed on Feathersite by permission.

The Ayam Kedu from Indonesia includes 4 varieties. Ayam is the Indonesian word for chicken. We haave information on 3 of those. The Kedu Kedu is a large white-skinned bird with a large red or black comb. The Kedu Cemani is a medium-sized black-skinned and black combed fowl (another view of this variety), and the Kedu Hsian is a Partridge variety with white skin and a red comb.

Some other Indonesian fowl are listed below:

The Ayam Bekisar is the bird that we call the jungle chicken.

The Ayam Pelung is a long crower from Indonesia.

The Ayam Kate (Ca Tea) has feathers on its head, although not as thick a crest as a Polish, but close, and it is an Indonesian native chicken.


The Kedu was originally recorded as a distinct breed back in the 1920s by Mr Tjokromihardjo.

He passed away sometime back and his two sons, Goenawan Wisbisono and Bambang Irawan continued on with the family business and now manage a very large poultry business called Cakra Farms. (Note: Indonesia does not name people as we do here in Europe or in the USA, the children are typically given two names, but they have no family name as we know it. As in the Muslim world, one can add on the bin Tjokromihardjo, indicating that Bambang Irawan bin Tjokromihardjo is the son of Mr Tjokromihardjo.)

They have a very large and very modern poultry farm with 4 different locations. It is well known throughout Indonesia.

Their address is:
Goenawan Wisbisono
Bambang Irawan
Cakra Farms (all Cs are pronounced CH so it would sound Cha-kra)
Kalikuto, Grabag
Magelang 56196
Central Java, Indonesia
Brief: They are very cautious about diseases. They spray disinfectant on everyone that enters, and even all of the vehicles get a wheel wash and body spray. They are very serious about not bringing in any avian diseases.

A poultry store front, belonging to the Machmoud family
Photo © Thomas Naegele

The Kedu Cemani breeders are many -- too many to count.

Breed Organizations: None that I know of, although it is a rather extensive cottage industry in Kedu, Temmaggung, Java, Indonesia.


Varieties: Black (Kedu), Black (Cemani), Partridge (Hsian).

Standard Weights: Hens: 4-6 pounds. Roosters: 5-8 pounds.

Age Length: From 6 to 8 years.

Classification: Hard feathered, medium sized bird.

Tail Feathers: Upright.

Skin Color -- Kedu, Hsian: White
-- Cemani: Black skin. Black meat. The blood is red, there are many stories that say that the blood is black, this is just not true. The tongue is black.

Comb: Large single comb, very large in the Kedu Kedu. When black, as in the Kedu Cemani, it is very impressive.

Eye Color: The eye color is dark brown.

Foraging: Good forager.

Egg Shell Color: Standard brown.

Egg Numbers Per Year (average): Around 160 per year.

Age at which laying starts: Six months.

Mother/Broodiness: Very strong mothering instinct and known to be very good mothers.

Rooster's Crow: Similar to the Malay.

Uses: This is unclear. The bird is considered a ritual bird in Indonesia. The bird is purchased for very high prices, from around $10.00 US to more than a $100.00 US. Of course, the bird is purchased with local currency, I have translated it for convenience. This is a lot of money for a country with an average monthly wage of $100.00 per month. The rituals include a sacrifice for a new building, a sacrifice for a sick person and there are more but I have never gotten a good clear story. The bird is killed at the sacrificial site.

The Chinese use the bird as a medicine. For medicine, bird is butchered and then cut into small pieces, bones and all, though some bones are left intact, and then put into a boiling pot of water and made into a soup. Though I have no personal experience, I have been told that the healing properties are incredible. Being a physician by trade, it was difficult for me to interpret this statement, such is life.

Gaming: To my knowledge this bird is not used in the gaming industry.

Origin: Indonesia. Originally established as a breed in 1924 by Mr Tjokromihardjo. His two sons Mr Goenawan Wisbisono and Mr Bambang Irawan presently own and run Cakra Poultry Farm in Magelang, Java, Indonesia, one of the largest and most modern poultry farms in Indonesia.

A shot showing the black skin of the Kedu Cemani
Photo © Thomas Naegele

This is a Hsian or Partridge Kedu hen
Photo © Thomas Naegele

Here are two very large combed Kedu Kedu males
Photos © Thomas Naegele

Another Kedu Cemani male, with a young bird in the background
Photo © Thomas Naegele

Tom Naegele with a Black pullet
Photo © Thomas Naegele

A pair of Kedu Cemani
Photo © Thomas Naegele

Young Kedus
Photo © Thomas Naegele

A poorly feathered Kedu Cemani rooster
Photo © Thomas Naegele

A Frizzled Kedu Cemani female
Photo © Thomas Naegele

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